Enckell, Rabbe

(1903-1974)
   A Finland-Swedish poet, novelist, dramatist, and critic, Enckell combined his career as a man of letters with that of an artist in oil painting and watercolor. His best work is his early poetry, published in such collections as Dikter (1923; Poems), Flojtblasarlycka (1925; Flute-Player's Happiness), Vårens cistern (1931; Spring's Cistern), and Tonbrädet (1935; The Sounding Board), in which he created miniature modernist poems of great power and beauty. The poems in V lvet (1937; The Vault) deal with a crisis in Enckell's life—his wife left him for another man, whom Enckell later knifed—and are powerful human documents. This crisis in his life figures prominently in the poetry collections Lutad over brunnen (1942; Bent over the Well) and Andedraäkt v kopp r (1946; Breath of Copper). His later collections of poetry, from Sett och ater-bordat (1950; Seen and Restored) to Flyende spegel (1974; Fleeing Mirror), which was published posthumously, express both a continued sense of melancholy and a bit of grumpiness about the direction his society and culture had taken.
   Enckell's best critical essays from before World War II were collected in Relation i det personliga (1950; Relation in the Personal). Although not as prolific a critic as, for example, Hagar Olsson and Elmer Diktonius, Enckell had a sharp eye for changes and developments on the literary scene and valiantly defended literary modernism against its traditionalist detractors. He also wrote prose narratives. Tillblivelse (1929; Origination), Ljusdunkel (1930; Chiaroscuro), and Ett portratt (1931; A Portrait) were accounts drawn directly from his own life and that of his wife, while Landskapet med den dubbla skuggan (1933; The Landscape with the Double Shadow) was a traditional novel with autobiographical elements. The short stories in Herrar till natt och dag (1937; Lords of Night and Day) reflect circumstances surrounding the end of his first marriage.
   Enckell's dramas are of much less significance than his poetry. Drawn to the Greek classics, he both alluded to them in his other work and wrote a series of dramas that are largely retellings of Greek stories. Orfeus och Eurydike (1938; Orpheus and Eurydice), Iokasta (1939), Agamemnon (1947), Hekuba (1952), and Mordet paå Kiron (1954; The Murder of Chiron) are all in this vein.
   Enckell concluded his oeuvre with several volumes of mixed prose. Traktat (1955; Tractate) was followed by Essay om livets framfart (1961; An Essay on Life's Forward Motion). Och sanning? (1966; And Truth?) was a reply to those who had accused him of not showing sufficient political awareness in his work, while Tapetdorren (1968; The Secret Door in the Wallpaper) and Resonoren med fagel-foten (1971; The Raisonneur with the Bird Foot) were both retrospective in nature.
   See lso Theater.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Enckell, Rabbe — ▪ Finnish poet born March 3, 1903, Tammela, Fin. died June 17, 1974, Helsinki  Finnish poet, playwright, and critic, a leading representative of the Swedo Finnish poetic revival that began in the 1920s.       Enckell studied art in France and… …   Universalium

  • Rabbe Enckell — Rabbe Arnfinn Enckell (* 3. März 1903 in Tammela; † 17. Juni 1974 in Helsinki) war ein finnlandschwedischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Maler, der neben Edith Södergran, Elmer Diktonius und Gunnar Björling zu den führenden Persönlich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rabbe Enckell — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rabbe Arnfinn Enckell (1903 1974) novelista y poeta finlandés. Su obra se caracteriza por abordar diversos temas que reflejan el modo de ser nórdico y las tribulaciones de su modo de vida. Entre otros, ganó el premio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rabbe Enckell — Rabbe Arnfinn Enckell (1903 1974) was a Finnish author, writer and poet. Works * Dikter (Poems, poems, 1923) * Flöjtblåsarlyckan (Flautist s Luck, poems, 1925) * Tillblivelse (Genesis, short stories, 1929) * Ljusdunkel (short stories, 1930), *… …   Wikipedia

  • Rabbe Arnfinn Enckell — (1903 1974) novelista y poeta finalndés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Enckell — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Magnus Enckell (1870−1925), finnischer Maler Rabbe Enckell (1903−1974), finnischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Maler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Enckell — Ẹnckell,   1) Carl, finnischer Industrieller und Politiker, * Sankt Petersburg 7. 6. 1876, ✝ Helsinki 27. 3. 1959; als Mitglied der Schwedischen Volkspartei 1918/19, 1922, 1924 sowie 1944 50 Außenminister. Er unterzeichnete 1944 den… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Finnish literature — Introduction       the oral and written literature produced in Finland in the Finnish, Swedish, and, during the Middle Ages, Latin languages.       The history of Finnish literature and that of Swedish literature are intertwined. From the mid… …   Universalium

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